Sustainable Environment: Balancing Growth With the Environment 1st Edition
The Centre for Liveable Cities, Singapore (CLC) | National Environment Agency | Singapore Environment Institute
ISBN-13: 9789814510189 | ISBN-10: 9814510181
© 2013 | Published |  87  Pages

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In spite of rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, Singapore has enjoyed a high quality ‘Clean and Green’ environment. This was achieved by maintaining an intricate balance between development and sustainability. Over time, the balancing act has turned into an economic advantage and a virtuous cycle. This study presents a historical account of the environmental and economic policy objectives, including the trade-offs required and the implementation of adaptive environmental policy to meet changing economic demands. Two main ideas emerge as crucial. First, Singapore did not adopt the conventional ‘develop first, clean up later’ approach. It viewed a clean and green Singapore as a differentiating strategy to its international competitiveness, creating jobs, and providing security for its people. Second, environment values were observed early, as severe natural resource constraints confronted policy-makers at every turn. To ensure resource efficiency and frugality in the use of its environmental capital, policy-makers made use of the market, by putting in place pricing policies, along with strict regulatory controls. Use of technology and policy innovation were also vital. This study is framed along two key dilemmas – the need for economic growth versus environmental preservation, and the realisation of short-term versus long term-benefits.

The Singapore Urban Systems Studies Booklet Series draws on original Urban Systems Studies research by the Centre for Liveable Cities, Singapore (CLC) into Singapore’s development over the last half-century. The series is organised around domains such as water, transport, housing, planning, industry and the environment. Developed in close collaboration with relevant government agencies and drawing on exclusive interviews with pioneer leaders, these practitioner-centric booklets present a succinct overview and key principles of Singapore’s development model.



  • List of Figures
    List of Appendices
    Editorial Committee
    National Environment Agency
    Singapore Environment Institute
    Foreword
    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    1. Foundations of Economic and Social Development: Role of the Environment
    2. Early Environmental Stresses
    3. Balancing Growth with Environmental Protection
    4. Economics of the Environment
    5. Long-Term Plans for a Sustainable Singapore
    6. Conclusion
    References
    Appendices

    • Uses the CLC Framework for Liveable and Sustainable Cities to examine how Singapore has responded to a complex urban challenge and remained at the forefront of urban development
    • Traces the evolution of environmental policies in adapting to changing economic landscape through making deliberate tradeoffs, tough decisions and compromises on the environment to achieve sustainability
    • Provides insights into the economic tools and mechanisms used to ensure resource efficiency, correct externalities on environment and enhance economic competitiveness
    • Examines policy foundations and paths that drove and enabled Singapore to turn its environment into a competitive advantage
    • Includes primary material including interviews with the country’s urban pioneer and leaders
    For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant

    • The Centre for Liveable Cities, Singapore (CLC) was set up in 2008 based on a strategic blueprint developed by Singapore’s Inter-Ministerial Committee on Sustainable Development. The Centre’s mission is to distil, create and share knowledge on liveable and sustainable cities. CLC distils key learning points from Singapore’s experiences over the last half-century, while creating knowledge to address emerging challenges. It also shares knowledge with, and learns from, other cities and experts.

      Formed on 1 July 2002, the National Environment Agency (NEA) is the leading public organisation responsible for improving and sustaining a clean and green environment in Singapore. The NEA develops and spearheads environmental initiatives and programmes through its partnership with the People, Public and Private sectors. It is committed to motivating every individual to take up environmental ownership and to care for the environment as a way of life. By protecting Singapore’s environment from pollution, maintaining a high
      level of public health and providing timely meteorological information, the NEA endeavours to ensure sustainable development and a quality living environment for present and future generations.

      Singapore Environment Institute (SEI) is the training and knowledge division in the National Environment Agency (NEA). The Institute helps to promote Singapore as an environment hub by providing thought leadership in environmental sustainability and management for high-density, compact cities. Its work also includes developing and managing a variety of learning programmes to enhance the competency of environmental professionals and share Singapore’s environment experiences. SEI distils and documents the Agency’s capabilities and expertise as well as knowledge from other sources relevant to NEA’s area of operations. Sharing this knowledge is critical to the development of thought leadership and planning for the sustainability challenges in the years ahead.