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41

Asian Studies: Vietnam War

The U.S. Civilian Advisory Effort in

Vietnam: U.S. Operations Mission, 1954-

1957 - Classified & Subject Files of the

Executive Office

Source

National Archives (U.S.)

Period

1954-1957

Content

64,259 images

Product Number

16184418

Product Code

GDSC-186

This collection consists of unique records of the U.S. Operations Mission established to

intervene in Vietnam-the country U.S. foreign policy deemed a lynchpin in the free world’s

fight against communism. The Classified & Subject Files of the Executive Office, document

the myriad concerns and rationales that went into the control and direction of U.S. economic

and technical assistance programs, as well as the coordination of mutual security activities,

with respect to Vietnam.

The U.S. Military Advisory Effort in

Vietnam: Military Assistance and

Advisory Group, Vietnam, 1950-1964

Source

National Archives (U.S.)

Period

1950-1964

Content

18,669 images

Product Number

267681

Product Code

GDSC-87

The United States created the Military Assistance and Advisory Group, Indochina, in 1950 to

process, monitor, and evaluate Americanmilitary aid to the French forces fighting in Southeast

Asia. At first MAAG’s mission was not to train or advise the Vietnamese National Army, but

by the time of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, those activities were under consideration by U.S.

and French leaders. In 1955, MAAG Indochina, became MAAG Vietnam, and a separate MAAG

was established in Cambodia. In 1955–1956, MAAG Vietnam, took over from the French the

training and organizing of the Vietnamese National Army. The task facing MAAG Vietnam

was enormous.