Preface. Part I: THE READING-WRITING CONVERSATION.1. Writing with a Central Idea. The Writing Process. Prewriting ? Writing ? Rewriting. Prewriting: From Writer's Block to Writing. Freewriting ? Brainstorming ? Clustering. Readings. Live Each Moment for What It's Worth, Erma Bombeck. Without Emotion, G. Gordon Liddy. Anonymous Sources, Tina Dirmann.** Prewriting: Choosing a Preliminary Topic Sentence or Thesis Statement. Finding the Topic ? Finding the Central Idea ? Forming the Preliminary Topic. Sentence or Thesis Statement ? Placing the Topic Sentence or Thesis Statement. Prewriting: Preparing a Rough Outline. Grouping Related Points ? Identifying Group Topics ? Choosing a Tentative Organization. Writing: The First Draft. The Single Paragraph: A First Draft ? The Brief Essay: A First Draft. Rewriting: Revising and Editing. Revising ? The Single Paragraph: Revised Draft ? The Brief Essay: Revised Draft. Writing Assignments. Writing with a Central Idea. Evaluating Sample Papers. Student Model Checklist ? Sample Student Papers ? Paragraphs ? Brief Essays.Sentence Combining: Embedding Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositional Phrases. The Embedding Process. 2. Reading for the Central Idea.Paragraphs and Topic Sentences. Paragraphs Without Topic Sentences. Essays and Thesis Statements. Three Passions I Have Lived For, Bertrand Russell. Readings. Jailbreak Marriage, Gail Sheehy. How to Stay Alive, Art Hoppe. Participating Actively in the Writer?Reader Dialogue. Steps for Active Reading. Printed Noise, George Will. Readings. Ordinary People Produce Extraordinary Results, Paul Rogat Loeb.Not-So-Social Media: Why People Have Stopped Talking on Phones, Alan Greenblatt.** Killing Women: A Pop-Music Tradition, John Hamerlinck.** Writing Assignments. Writing with a Personal Response. Evaluating Sample Papers. Sentence Combining: Coordination. Using Coordinating Conjunctions ? Using Semicolons. Combining Parts of Sentences ? Parallel Sentence Structure.3. Supporting the Central Idea.Brief Examples. Extended Examples. Statistics. Expert Opinion or Testimony. Combining Types of Support. Explaining the Significance of the Support. Writing Introductions and Conclusions. The Introductory Paragraph ? The Lead-In ? The Concluding Paragraph. Readings. Male Fixations, Dave Barry. Fear of Heights: Teachers, Parents, and Students Are Wary of Achievement, Bob Chase. Avoiding Consumerism at Christmas: Overworked, Overspent, and Rethinking What's Really Important, Wendy Priesnitz.** Transgender Students Learn to Navigate School Halls, Nanette Thompson.** Writing Assignments. Evaluating Sample Papers. Sentence Combining: Using Subordination. Subordinating Conjunctions and Relative Pronouns ? Punctuating Subordinate Clauses.4. Unity and Coherence.Unity. Coherence. Improving Coherence. Improving Unity and Coherence with Thesis Statements and Topic Sentences. Thesis Statements and Topic Sentences ? Sample Student Essay. Readings. Most Freshman Say Religion Guides Them, Thomas Bartlett. Video Games Can Be Helpful to College Students, Scott Carlson. It's None of Your Business: The Challenges of Getting Public Information for the Public, Kathleen Carroll.** We Treat Racism Like It's Going Extinct: It's Not, Brittney Cooper.** Writing Assignments. Evaluating Sample Papers. Sentence Combining: Verbal Phrases. Present and Past Participles ? Present and Past Participial Phrases ? Infinitive Phrases ? Using Verbal Phrases ? Avoiding Dangling Modifiers. Part II: WRITING ABOUT READING.5. Summarizing and Responding to Reading.Writing a Brief Summary. Reading. What America Has Gained, What America Has Lost, George Packer** ? Writing Paraphrases and Quotations. Writing an Extended Summary. A Sample Extended Summary. Writing a Summary-Response Essay.A Sample Summary-Response Essay. Readings. The Bachelor: Silly, Sexist, and, to Many, Irresistible, Mimi Avins. For Better, For Worse: Marriage Means Something Different Now, Stephanie Coontz. Let Them Eat Dog, Jonathan Safran Foer.** Why You Should Think Twice Before Shaming Anyone on Social Media, Laura Hudson.** Writing Assignments. Evaluating Sample Papers. Extended Summaries ? Summary-Response Essays. Sentence Combining: Appositives. Punctuating Appositives ? Recognizing When to Use Appositives ? Changing Adjective Clauses to Appositives. 6. Evaluating Reading Selections.Audience and Purpose. Evaluating Support. Facts ? Opinions. Generalizations versus Specific Statements ? Considering Your Own Knowledge and Experience ? Considering Unstated Objections ? Steps in Evaluating a Text. Readings. Education Is Not a Luxury, Stephen Trachtenberg. History 101: Pass the Popcorn, Please, Elaine Minamide. Uncle Sam Doesn't Always Want You, Mark Arax.** Public Universities Should Be Free, Aaron Bady.** Writing Assignment. Evaluating Sample Papers. Sentence Combining: Parallelism. Items in a Series ? Items Joined by Correlative Conjunctions. 7. Synthesizing Ideas from Reading Selections.