The Legal Environment of Business,
12th Edition

Frank B. Cross, Roger LeRoy Miller

ISBN-13: 9780357985700
Copyright 2025 | Published
720 pages | List Price: USD $291.95

Cross/Miller's THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT OF BUSINESS: TEXT AND CASES, 12th Edition, delivers cutting-edge coverage using an interesting, understandable approach. Master vital skills as you study the legal environment within the context of law in today's increasingly regulated business world. Examples, business-oriented features and step-by-step analyses place every topic within a meaningful context. Learn how today's legal environment is more about the constraints of business than the simple rules of law with this book's focus on managerial decision-making and current events. This edition makes ethics a priority, using the IDDR Approach for making ethical decisions. The author focuses on broad issues that correspond to what business owners and managers face. Updated cases, content and learning features present the latest developments and skills to succeed in today's legal landscape.


Unit I: The Foundations.
1. Law and Legal Reasoning.
2. Business and the Constitution.
3. Ethics in Business.
4. Courts and Alternative Dispute Resolution.
5. Court Procedures.
Unit II: The Public and International Environment.
6. Tort Law.
7. Strict Liability and Product Liability.
8. Intellectual Property Rights.
9. Internet Law, Social Media, and Privacy.
10. Criminal Law and Cyber Crime.
11. International and Space Law.
Unit III: The Commercial Environment.
12. Formation of Traditional and E-Contracts.
13. Contract Performance, Breach, and Remedies.
14. Sales and Lease Contracts.
15. Creditor-Debtor Relations and Bankruptcy.
Unit IV: The Business and Employment Environment.
16. Small Businesses and Franchises.
17. Limited Liability Business Forms.
18. Corporations.
19. Agency Relationships.
20. Employment Law.
21. Employment Discrimination.
22. Immigration and Labor Law.
Unit V: The Regulatory Environment.
23. Administrative Agencies.
24. Consumer Protection.
25. Environmental Law.
26. Real Property and Land-Use Control.
27. Antitrust Law.
28. Investor Protection and Corporate Governance.
A: How to Brief Cases and Analyze Case Problems.
B: Answers to the Issue Spotters.
C: Sample Answers for Business Case Problems with Sample Answer.
Table of Cases.

  • Frank B. Cross

    Frank B. Cross is the Herbert D. Kelleher Centennial Professor of Business Law at The University of Texas at Austin Law School, where his research centers on judicial decision-making, the economics of law and litigation and traditional policy and doctrinal issues in administrative law. He has written several books as well as pieces for the Yale Law Journal, Columbia Law Review, University of Chicago Law Review, New York University Law Review, Texas Law Review, Virginia Law Review, Cornell Law Review, Georgetown Law Journal, Northwestern Law Review and UCLA Law Review. A former president of the Academy of Legal Studies in Business, Professor Cross received his B.A. from the University of Kansas and J.D. from Harvard Law School.

  • Roger LeRoy Miller

    Roger LeRoy Miller, Ph.D. has served on the faculty of several universities, including the University of Washington, Clemson University, and the University of Miami School of Law. As a professor, he has taught intellectual property law and entertainment law, among other subjects. A widely published and respected author, his work has appeared in the Insurance Counsel Journal, Defense Research, California Trial Lawyers Journal, Antitrust Bulletin, Wisconsin Law Review, and Connecticut Law Review. He has authored or co-authored numerous authoritative textbooks on law, including BUSINESS LAW: TEXT & CASES; BUSINESS LAW TODAY: TEXT & SUMMARIZED CASES; and THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT TODAY. Professor Miller completed his studies at the University of California at Berkeley and University of Chicago.

  • The all-new feature, Cybersecurity and the Law, explores what the law says about the cybersecurity issues businesses inevitably face.

  • Updated “Cases in Point” and Highlighted Examples make concepts and terms more relatable to students through real-world application. This edition features more than 100 new examples and almost as many new Cases in Point, while many retained Cases in Point include additional citations to cases in 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023

  • The updated critical-thinking features -- Cybersecurity and the Law, Digital Update, Ethics Today, Managerial Strategy -- cover timely topics by exploring global, political, ethical, social, environmental, technological and cultural contexts of business law.

  • COMPREHENSIVE END-OF-CHAPTER FEATURES HELP STUDENTS REVIEW AND APPLY CONCEPTS. At the conclusion of each chapter, varied and comprehensive review activities explore chapter concepts and challenge students to apply legal concepts and issues to everyday scenarios and real-life case problems.

  • DIVERSITY OF CASES VARY FROM CLASSIC TO CONTEMPORARY CASES. In keeping with the book’s strong reputation for outstanding cases, this edition has added numerous new cases and case problems, most from 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023, and continues to offer Classic Cases and Spotlight Cases.

  • "PRACTICE AND REVIEW" FEATURES HELP SOLIDIFY UNDERSTANDING OF EACH CHAPTER’S MATERIALS. The “Practice and Review” learning tool in each chapter presents a hypothetical, yet realistic scenario and asks a series of questions that requires the reader to identify key issues and apply legal concepts.

  • EXHIBITS AND CONCEPT SUMMARIES ILLUSTRATE IMPORTANT BUSINESS LAW CONCEPTS. Revised and redesigned Exhibits and Concept Summaries effectively clarify and highlight the chapter’s most important content. These visual representations emphasize the terms and concepts that are important to remember for students.

  • The IDDR Approach. This edition continues to use the IDDR approach, which is presented in Chapter 3. After Chapter 3, in order to reinforce the application of the IDDR approach, students are asked to use this approach when answering each chapter’s “A Question of Ethics.”

  • "ISSUE SPOTTERS" FACILITATE STUDENT REVIEW AND RETENTION. These "Issue Spotters" features draw special attention to each chapter’s critical concepts or key points of law. Sample answers to these features are available in Appendix B to allow students to check their work as they progress.

  • Task-Based Simulations. These features conclude each of the five units in the 12th edition. Students are presented with a hypothetical business situation and then asked a series of questions about how the law applies to various actions taken by the firm.

  • SHORT-TERM GROUP ASSIGNMENTS ENCOURAGE COLLABORATION. These time-limited group assignments and activities encourage students to work together to resolve a specific business scenario’s legal issue or problem covered in the chapter. You can use these projects in class discussions or assign them for group projects.

  • MINDTAP DIGITAL SOLUTION PROVIDES AN ENGAGING, PERSONALIZED LEARNING SOLUTION. Power your students from memorization to mastery as MindTap's personalized learning path guides students through activities that engage and teach them to apply and analyze today's business law. Activities like “Why Does [Topic] Matter to Me,” “Learn It” and “Chapter Quizzes,” as well as application-driven chapter activities, all keep students engaged and informed. You have complete control with the power to customize the course to your needs.

  • Cengage Instructor Center is an all-in-one resource for class preparation, presentation and testing. The instructor resources available for download include the Instructor’s Manual, Solution and Answer Guide, Test Bank and PowerPoint Slides.

  • COMPREHENSIVE DIGITAL VIDEO LIBRARY OFFERS EXTENSIVE RESOURCES FOR STUDY. This edition now provides the entire Digital Video Library within MindTap online resources. For your convenience and ease in locating exactly what you need, the digital library is organized by topic and clearly labeled.

  • WORKSHEETS WITH GUIDED READING ACTIVITIES ENCOURAGE EFFECTIVE STUDENT PREPARATION BEFORE CLASS. These carefully prepared hands-on activities hold students accountable and ensure that students read assignments and come to class prepared.

  • BRIEF, FOCUSED HYPOTHETICAL APPLICATIONS ENGAGE STUDENTS IN ANALYSIS AND ACTIVE LEARNING. These applications with brief, realistic scenarios help students identify issues and apply the law correctly within the specific context that is identified within the scenarios.

  • CASE PROBLEM ANALYSES GUIDE STUDENTS THROUGH PROVEN, MULTI-STEP PROCESS. Students learn to dissect the facts with a scaffolding methodology or series of questions in an IRAC (Issue, Rule, Application, Conclusion) format. Using this critical-thinking process, students can arrive at the decision of the court. "What if the Facts Were Different" asks students to apply a similar critical-thinking process to a modified situation. Finally, "Putting it into Practice" provides a short, optional writing component where the student advocates and defends a position with related business implications.

  • BUSINESS CASE ACTIVITIES DEVELOP CRITICAL THINKING AND LEGAL REASONING. Using relevant real-world business scenarios, these exercises challenge students to advocate, evaluate and make business decisions. A variety of flexible assessments include discussion questions, multiple-choice, short answer, essay, group work and ethical dilemma activities. These activities work well in large or small classrooms and in traditional or online courses to promote individual or group assignments.

  • ADAPTIVE TEST PREP WITHIN MINDTAP GUIDES STUDENTS IN STUDY FOR EXAMS. Unlimited practice tests and quizzes with individualized feedback is designed to help students better understand the course concepts. All practice test questions are specific to this edition. Students receive immediate feedback with a remediation path. Feedback includes eBook links back to the corresponding reading, written remediation, and video walk-throughs with Quick Coach Videos.

  • LEADING CPA PREPARATION CONTENT FROM BECKER PREPARES STUDENTS FOR SUCCESS ON CPA EXAM. Students work with CPA review questions from Becker Professional Education®-- one of the industry's most effective tools to prepare for the CPA Exam. Becker has been a leader in test preparation for 60 years, helping more than one million candidates prepare for the CPA Exam by offering a powerful, personalized, efficient review. Your students can use pre- and post-course assessment as well as tagged questions within MindTap's Adaptive Test Prep to become CPA Exam-ready.

Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.

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